June 3, 2016 in Community Events
speech - Archive
April 30, 2015 in Community News
Each May, Better Hearing & Speech Month (BHSM) provides an opportunity to raise awareness about communication disorders and role of ASHA members in providing life-altering treatment.
For 2015, our theme is “Early Intervention Counts.” We have many resources to help you celebrate all month long. Please check from the following link for the latest materials and information on BHSM activities.
April 30, 2015 in Community Events
The Northern Virginia Cued Speech Association is hosting a Golf Tournament on Friday, June 5th, at the scenic Ft. Belvoir Golf Course in Newington, VA. Proceeds will benefit Cue Camp Virginia, a family learning weekend for those who want to learn the Cued Speech System and much more.
Bring your friends out on a spring Friday afternoon and play 18 holes in a scramble format. Shotgun start is at 2:00 p.m. Cost includes greens fees, shared cart, practice balls and post golf dinner on the patio with beautiful sunset views. Sign up now for Early Bird discount! Complete information and registration are on the NVCSA website: http://www.nvcsa.org/home/nvcsa-golf-tournament.
To contact the organizers, email Ron Mochinski at firstname.lastname@example.org or Maureen Bellamy at email@example.com. Cued Language transliteration will be provided for group activities. Please email 10 days prior to request other accommodations. Donations and sponsorships are gratefully accepted. Hole sponsorships (starting at $200) go directly to the scholarship fund for families of preschoolers with hearing loss or language delays. Learn more about Cued Speech and the NVCSA at http://www.nvcsa.org.
Camp SHARP 2013
Gallaudet’s Speech, Hearing, and Aural Rehabilitation Program
Summer Communication program for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children
At Camp SHARP, Gallaudet’s Speech, Hearing, Aural Rehabilitation Program, deaf and hard of hearing preschool children have fun while developing their spoken language and listening skills. Speech language pathologists support the campers’ spoken English skills while reinforcing sign language skills during child-centered, play-based activities. Skill areas addressed include speech, listening, expressive and receptive language, and literacy. The summer services will be offered from June 17 to August 2, 2013. Services and session availability are contingent upon the number of children enrolled.
Please contact –
Download Flyer – Camp SHARP flyer
Distributed 2013 by Northern Virginia Resource Center for Deaf and Hard of Hearing Persons (NVRC), 3951 Pender Drive, Suite 130, Fairfax, VA 22030; www.nvrc.org; 703-352-9055 V, 703-352-9056 TTY, 703-352-9058 Fax. Items in this newsletter are provided for information purposes only; NVRC does not endorse products or services. This news service is free of charge, but donations are greatly appreciated.
|Research finds babies control the way mothers speak to them;
May have implications for parents of children with hearing loss
By Clare Pain, ABC 3/16/2012
Babies are controlling the way their mothers speak to them, according to a new Australian study, which could have implications for parents with hearing-impaired children.
Christa Lam and Dr Christine Kitamura of the University of Western Sydney publish their results in the March edition of Developmental Science.
The research was triggered by a case study of a mother and her twin one-year-old sons, one of whom was hearing-impaired. Kitamura noticed that the mother spoke much less clearly to the hearing-impaired son.
It’s normal for mothers to speak in a special way to babies, explains Kitamura. “We call it infant-directed speech (IDS); people call it ‘baby talk’.”
During IDS, mothers speak in a high voice and vary intonation more than normal. They also speak slowly and clearly (hyperarticulation), which enables the vowel sounds to be readily differentiated.
Although the twins’ mother used much of the IDS format with her hearing-impaired son, she was not hyperarticulating the vowels.
To test whether she had found a general effect, Kitamura looked at 48 mother and baby pairs. The babies were between six and seven months old and all had normal hearing.
Each mother was separated from her baby, but the pair could still see and hear each other on video screens.
Unbeknown to the mothers, to simulate hearing-impairment, Kitamura manipulated the sound reaching the babies. One group could hear their mother properly, a second group could hear her voice only faintly, and a third group could not hear their mother at all.
In a further twist, regardless of which group they were in, during half of the experiment the mother was told that there had been a technical hitch and her baby could not hear her.
The findings were surprising. “We found that it made absolutely no difference to the mothers’ speech when they thought their children couldn’t hear them”, says Kitamura.
On the other hand, she says that when the babies really couldn’t hear their mother, “The mothers still spoke in the infant-directed style, but they were no longer hyperarticulating vowels.”
Baby in control
Kitamura concludes that the behaviour of the non-hearing babies was controlling the mother, resulting in her speaking to the baby differently, even though she didn’t know the baby couldn’t hear.
She says the non-hearing babies become unresponsive and their mothers quickly pick up on this.
“All that the mother is attending to is the way her baby is responding to her. If the baby is not responding, she will do something different until they do. It’s probably to do with eye gaze and smiling. Smiling has a big effect on mothers,” says Kitamura.
Alison Hawkins-Bond, a spokesperson for the Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children believes the study has important implications for how mothers of hearing-impaired children are encouraged to speak to their children.
But she points out that the brief simulated hearing loss in the experiment is a different situation from a permanently hearing-impaired child.
“We already knew that we had to use a lot of intonation”, says Hawkins-Bond, “but this is saying that it is actually the vowel sounds that are used in speech that matter”.
“Hearing problems are picked up at birth nowadays. Obviously professionals need to know how to support these babies, so they are not playing ‘catch-up’ as they did in the past.”
She says the experiment shows that “the parent is switched on to getting the child’s attention. Unfortunately, by doing that they are affecting the quality of their speech.”
July 1, 2011 in Education & Outreach
|By Cheryl Heppner 6/27/11
Dr. John Niparko wears many hats at Johns Hopkins Medical – or should that we say he wears many surgical masks or coats? He is the Interim Director of the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and George T. Nager Professor, as well as Director of the Division of Otology, Audiology, Neurotology, and Skull Base Surgery, and Director of the Listening Center. Long-time attendees of NVRC’s educational programs will remember his highly-acclaimed workshops at NVRC in past years.
Every new presentation by Dr. Niparko brings exciting information, and his workshop “New Options in Auditory Rehabilition” on Friday, June 17, 2011 at the convention was no exception.
Setting the backdrop for his program, Dr. Niparko emphasized the importance of the spoken word, which connects us to one another and maximizes our communication. He called the importance of the cochlea to our hearing akin to flipping a switch to turn on a light fixture. The hair cells in the cochlea are some of the body’s smartest cells, and they have a very complex structure. Atop them are tufts of cilia; if they fail to beat, or fall off, or die, we get hearing loss.
The importance of speech sounds
Dr. Niparko quipped that the 45 speech sounds for male listeners have a hole for the spouse’s voice, and this is a problem he can’t solve.
We tend to tail off frequency at the end of a word. A change in frequency information aids in localization, which is the ability of our ears to zone in and choose the voice of the person we want to listen to. When there are multiple speakers, we zone in with their specific pitch cues.
The effect of hearing loss
The effect of aging on hearing is one of the things we can do the least about. Hair cells are fragile, particularly for men. A 60 year old male will typically have much higher hearing loss than a female of the same age. Trauma is another cause of hearing loss. It could come from damage due to noise. We now start to see signs of hearing loss in young adults. An estimated 8.5% of those aged 20-29 have a hearing loss. In the future there is hope we can see continued steps to avoid the onset of hearing loss.
Sensorineural hearing loss is almost completely absent on Easter Island. Here in the U.S., something genetic may be the cause of the higher rate. We now also know that medications can cause hearing loss and that some people are more sensitive to the effects of noise than others.
The impact of hearing loss
Understanding speech in noise is a great problem in sensorineural hearing loss. With this form of hearing loss, the ear is being swamped by noise and recruitment. Speech is remarkably resistant to corruption. We are born with the ability to use it well, but it can be difficult or impossible to understand speech when there are multiple speakers, especially in a large room where sound is being reflected from hard surfaces. These are factors that modify the pitch and timing structure of the speech signals and create a masking effect.
Perceptions about hearing rehabilitation have been varied. A recent MarkeTrak survey found that seniors with hearing loss often reported “I hear well enough and don’t mind it,” thus marginalizing themselves. As a result, they often tend to adopt a less communication-filled lifestyle and reduce their social connections. Sensorineural hearing loss has long been associated with social withdrawal, which frequently brings consequences such as decreased general health and impaired immunity.
Recent research has also shown that hearing loss could be associated with increased risk of dementia. With severe hearing loss, an individual’s chance of getting clinically significant dementia is 70% if left untreated. Getting a cochlear implant can significantly mitigate the effect, and use of hearing aids on a consistent basis also helps. It is essential that we bring hearing aids and cochlear implants into the treatment picture.
Current predictions show that the percent of people with dementia will double in 20 years, and by 2050 it could affect 1 in 30 Americans.
Newer hearing aids are a step in the right direction. They look better, are more comfortable, and more of them are able to provide directionality (ability to identify direction of sound) and provide noise reduction. They also increase the naturalness of speech and its fidelity. But they still are not the same as normal hearing and require adjustment.
Cochlear implant electrodes in the inner ear stimulate the auditory nerve through responsiveness to electrical signals. Modern digital technology has helped us to increase the speed of sound processing; in the early years cochlear implant users said sound had a robotic or cartoonish quality.
We have now been able to achieve preservation of healthy hair cells in the ear and stimulate the rest of the cochlea with a cochlear implant. It is possible to wear a hearing aid in the same ear and preserve hearing while getting a more natural sound. This has worked very well for selective patients.
Questions and answers
Q: Which comes first, the hearing loss or dementia?
Q: If someone is already exhibiting symptoms of dementia, is it too late for a cochlear implant?
Q: What are the experiences of cochlear implant users who have had chemotherapy?
Q: How good are the results with partial insertion implants?
Q: What about auditory neuropathy?
Q: What are the primary predictors of a cochlear implant?
Q: What resources are there to help learn speech understanding with a cochlear implant?
Q: What will be the impact on bilateral cochlear implants if I have carotid surgery?
Dr. Niparko showed a short video from his famous 2005 study with David Ryugo where deaf cats were implanted for three months with a 6-channel cochlear implant that used human speech processing programs. The cats responded to environmental sounds and their auditory nerve fibers showed some recovery. Food conditioning was used, and the cats could differentiate the sound of music by Bach from the sound of music by Beethoven.
|Dr. John Niparko|