Direct Video Communication: Access for People who are Deaf, Hard of Hearing and Speech Disabled in an IP World
by: Tom Wheeler, FCC Chairman
April 14, 2015 – 02:27 PM
A few months ago, I received a note from a woman in New Mexico, recounting her recent experience in making a 911 call. She had fallen in her home, alone, badly hurt and bleeding. She dialed 911, reached an emergency center, an ambulance was dispatched and she was taken to a medical facility.
You might be wondering why someone would write to the Chairman of the FCC about a 911 call. The reason is that this was an emergency for someone who is deaf and the call was made through Video Relay Service (VRS), a program administered by the FCC. The woman had never before had a reason to make an emergency call and, when she made the call, she wondered whether the technology would work.
Most of us take for granted that when we make a phone call, the call goes through. You call from any type of device to any phone number. You don’t think about how the call travels – via circuit or packet, time division or code division, copper or fiber, 1.9 GHz or 700 MHz Networks are interconnected. Telecommunications software is increasingly interoperable.
Now, imagine that you hear with your eyes. You contact friends and family by video calling and your native language is American Sign Language (ASL). And when you call a hearing person who does not speak your language, the call is automatically routed over the Internet through a VRS sign language interpreter who conveys what you want to communicate to the hearing person. The VRS interpreter voices everything you sign to the hearing person and signs back everything that the hearing person says.