Chemotherapy drug cisplatin is used to treat breast, prostate, neuroblastoma, melanoma and many other cancers
May 18, 2016
University of Southern California
The chemotherapy drug cisplatin can kill cancer, but it can also cause permanent hearing loss. The drug can kill the sensory cells of the inner ear, a phenomenon that is likely more severe in individuals with Cockayne syndrome, a rare form of dwarfism. The disorder results from mutations in one of two genes involved in repairing DNA damage. Cells can sustain DNA damage from environmental stresses ranging from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation to toxic chemicals such as chemotherapy drugs.
Researchers reviewed studies exploring the link between type 2 diabetes and hearing loss and found evidence that the condition can cause damage to the auditory system.
Given the results of the study published in the journal Current Diabetes Reports, the researchers are pushing doctors to include hearing tests when crafting programs to manage type 2 diabetes in patients diagnosed with the condition.
According to Elizabeth Helzner, one of the authors of the study, the connection between diabetes and hearing loss has been shown numerous times in earlier studies but directly comparing previous work is difficult because there is no clear definition for hearing loss and other related factors.
Researchers in the University of South Florida’s Global Center for Hearing and Speech Research (GCHSR), recognized as the world’s top research center for age-related hearing loss, have received a five-year, $9 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study two unique ways to treat age-related hearing loss (ARHL).
According to Robert Frisina, Jr., USF professor and director of the GCHSR, ARHL is the number one communication disorder and most common neurodegenerative condition affecting older Americans, impacting more people than other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease.
Frisina says hearing loss can occur from many environmental reasons, but their focus is on age-related hearing loss.
“Permanent hearing loss, including ARHL, is estimated to affect 10 percent of the U.S. population,” said Frisina. “Currently, there are no U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved treatments for permanent hearing loss, including ARHL, despite its prevalence. While ARHL directly and negatively affects quality of life for older people, severe ARHL has also recently been linked to the earlier onset of dementia.”
Improving the health of the deaf and hard-of-hearing population through accessible patient-reported outcome measures is the goal of a $1.6 million National Institutes of Health-funded study, led by Rochester Institute of Technology.
Researchers and providers will, for the first time, have a tool for assessing their deaf and hard-of-hearing patients’ health-related quality-of-life outcomes in American Sign Language. Resulting data will lend new insights in patient outcomes research and improve prevention and treatment models for the underserved deaf and hard-of-hearing population, said Poorna Kushalnagar, a health psychologist and research associate professor in RIT’s Chester F. Carlson Center for Imaging Science.
Patient assessments evaluate symptoms, well-being and life satisfaction, as well as physical, mental and social health. Surveys designed for English speakers present a language barrier for many users of American Sign Language and accessible services, Kushalnagar said.
National Science Foundation grant will help scientists study how hearing levels and early-language experience influence deaf children’s vision
ROCHESTER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Does being born deaf lead to better visual skills, or does a lack of hearing make it difficult for deaf children to pay attention to the world around them? According to researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology’s National Technical Institute for the Deaf, who recently earned a $450,000 National Science Foundation grant, the answer often depends on the background of the deaf child being studied.
The NSF award, which will be distributed over three years, will support a longitudinal study of 150 deaf children, ages 6 to 13, attending schools for the deaf around the United States. The research team, led by Matthew Dye, assistant professor in NTID’s Department of Liberal Studies, and Peter Hauser, professor and director of NTID’s Deaf Studies Laboratory, hopes to prove that deaf children who learn American Sign Language (ASL) early in life look at the world differently compared to deaf children who receive a cochlear implant and use a spoken language such as English. They also hope to learn whether it is a lack of hearing or the age at which they are exposed to a natural language that most influences how deaf children perceive the world.
Through assessments of each child’s hearing levels, cognitive skills and fluency in ASL, the scientists will determine how well these variables predict deaf children’s improvements in processing visual information. Research will also focus on how well deaf children can shift their focus of attention from one thing to another, or temporal visual attention. Using a set of iPad games, deaf children will be asked to look for targets in fast-moving streams of visual information or pick out important sequences.
“Many people think that being born deaf leads to deficits in the ability to understand information that is presented sequentially,” said Dye. “However, previous research has failed to dissociate loss of hearing from exposure to language. In this study, we want to see whether early exposure to ASL can enhance sequence processing in deaf students.”
Dye has said past studies have looked only at deaf children born to deaf parents, and who learned ASL when they were infants. Other studies have looked only at deaf children born to hearing parents, who do not learn ASL and use speech to communicate alongside digital hearing aids or cochlear implants.
“The visual attention system consists of different cognitive networks; language and hearing levels appear to have a positive effect on some, but not all, aspects of the network,” Hauser explained. “These findings have been based on comparing deaf individuals of different ages and backgrounds. With this grant funding, it is exciting that we now can follow the same deaf children over a period of time to observe how early language experience may lead to these changes.”
Changes to improve user experience include responsive design for mobile devices
March 4, 2016
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) has implemented several enhancements to the NIDCD website. The changes are designed to enhance users’ experience and strengthen the institute’s alignment with federal mandates for information technology.
Key features of the revised website include:
Responsive design, enabling the content to automatically adjust to fit a user’s screen size, whether it is viewed on a computer, tablet, or phone.
We will continue to update and enhance NIDCD digital communications for health consumers, researchers and trainees, health professionals, and others. If you have comments or need assistance, please let us know at email@example.com(link sends e-mail). For health information about hearing, balance, taste, smell, voice, speech, or language disorders, please contact us at 800-241-1044 or firstname.lastname@example.org(link sends e-mail)
WASHINGTON — Deaf children who learn to sign early may boost their brainpower in ways unrelated to language.
“Most deaf children are born to hearing families, and most hearing parents do not sign with their newborn deaf children,” clinical neuropsychologist Peter Hauser, who is deaf, explained February 12 at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. “The deaf children, as a consequence, have very limited exposure to sign language,” signed Hauser, of Rochester Institute of Technology in New York.
Washington – Increased awareness and targeted interventions may help protect workers from experiencing hearing loss and/or tinnitus, according to a recent study from NIOSH.
Researchers analyzed national data on hearing conditions among workers who were exposed to elevated levels of occupational noise, as well as workers who were not exposed to such noise.
Researchers emphasized several key findings, including:
Workers in agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting faced “significantly higher risks” for hearing difficulty, tinnitus and the occurrence of both conditions.
Workers in manufacturing faced significantly higher risks for tinnitus and the co-occurrence of hearing difficulty and tinnitus.
Workers in life, physical and social science occupations faced a significantly higher risk for hearing difficulty.
Workers in architecture and engineering roles faced a significantly higher risk for tinnitus.
Twenty-three percent of workers exposed to occupational noise had hearing difficulty, compared with 7 percent of workers who had hearing difficulty despite not being exposed to occupational noise, NIOSH stated.
Research Study Participants Needed: Do you or someone you know have a deaf baby between six to 12 months old? Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C. is seeking participants for a study on neuroimaging. See flyer for more details.
A new prosthesis for a traditional ear surgery is bringing hope to patients diagnosed with a hereditary disorder that causes hearing loss. After 63-year-old Diane Duncan was diagnosed with otosclerosis in her thirties, she transitioned into an isolated world where conversations with other people became limited, everyday noises like car engines running and cell phones ringing became almost inaudible.
Diane has conductive hearing loss – a type of condition where the ear drum and the bones in the middle of the ear (including the stapes bone) don’t vibrate properly. The most common form to affect adults is known as otosclerosis. Patients with otosclerosis have abnormal bone growth around the stapes bone. The stapes bone must move freely for the ear to work properly and for a person to hear well.
Typically doctors perform a stapedectomy to treat the condition. It involves removing part or all of the immobilized stapes bone and replacing it with a prosthetic device. The prosthetic device allows the bones in the middle ear to resume movement, which stimulates fluid in the inner ear, and improves or restores hearing.
FORT JACKSON, SC (WACH)-The ear-splitting pops coming from a rifle can be the reason why Fort Jackson drill sergeant trainees hearing, will fade away with time.
“Hearing loss and ringing in the ears are two of the most frequently reported disabilities in the VA system”, said R.N. Elizabeth Bullock.
“It feels like someone just slapped you inside of your ear and there’s a very loud ring”, said drill sergeant trainee Denise Rangel.”I can’t imagine having in type of hearing loss. There’s soldiers around here that if you aren’t talking to them in the right ear they can’t hear what you’re saying.”
Participants wanted for a research study:
Are you a Deaf or Hard of Hearing adult who learned ASL and joined various Deaf communities in adulthood? If yes, you may be able to help other adults by sharing your experience.
You need to be 28 years or older and have been learning and using ASL for ten years or longer. You must have a hearing loss that happened before graduating or leaving high school. You must have been 18 or older when you began learning and using American Sign Language (ASL) and participating in Deaf communities. The interview may take between 20 minutes to two hours, and it will occur in a private room at Gallaudet University.
Your participation will be kept confidential.
(International adults are encouraged to participate, provided that American Sign Language was their first signed language learned and it was learned in adulthood.)
Participants will be given a $15 gift card for participation in the interview.
Roozbeh Jafari, Associate Professor for the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Texas A&M University is leading the development of a tool for American Sign Language (ASL) translation. While previous attempts for automatic ASL translation have largely relied on cameras and visual tracking technology, Jafari’s project tracks muscle movement and external motion. “The sensor is based on EMG, or electromyogram technology,” Jafari said. “Combined with the external motion sensors, which show us the overall hand movement, the EMG allows us to discriminate between gestures,” he said. “A fine-grain of interpretation […] motion sensors give us the overall sense and muscle activities give us information about the fine-grained intent.”
The prototype was revealed this past June at the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 12th Annual Body Sensor Networks Conference, . . .
Four out of 10 of musicians in the UK – including those who work for stage productions – have suffered hearing loss, a survey has claimed.
Charity Help Musicians UK’s survey found that 40.5% of the 692 respondents said they had experienced hearing loss, with 78.3% of these revealing that being a musician was one of the factors that had caused it.
The survey was issued to musicians across the UK, including those working for orchestras in organisations including English National Opera and the Royal Opera House.
Yet, one newly recognized risk usually goes unmentioned: hearing loss. “There are a number of common medications that are ototoxic, which means harmful to the ears,” says Dr. Sharon Curhan, a physician and epidemiologist at the Channing Division of Network Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston. That side effect isn’t typically listed on drug labels, she says. “These are relatively new findings.”
Research by Curhan and others finds that some over-the-counter medications, acetaminophen (the generic name for Tylenol), ibuprofen and prescriptions, ranging from certain antibiotics to chemotherapy drugs, can damage hearing. In all, there are more than 200 known ototoxic medications on the market today, according to the American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association, which can also impact the ear’s balance functions.
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